Towards New Education

Towards New Education


Written by :M. K. Gandhi

Table of Contents

About This Book

Written by : M. K. Gandhi
Edited by : Bharatan Kumarappa
First Edition : October 1953
I.S.B.N : 81-7229-078-0
Printed and Published by : Jitendra T. Desai
Navajivan Mudranalaya,
Ahmedabad - 380 014,
© Navajivan Trust, 1953



Ahimsa : Non-violence ; love
Ashram : A place of spiritual retirement ; Gandhiji's colony of workers Hindu philosophy of Monism or Non-dualism
Bhagawata : Name of a Purana, a sacred book of Hindus Zoroastrian fire-temple
Brahmachari : unmarried student ; anyone who practices chastity
Brahmacharya : continence, chastity
Charkha : spinning wheel
Coolie : wage-earner ; a term of contempt used for Indians in South Africa
Dastur : Parsi priest
Dharma : religion ; code of conduct
Dhoti : loose cloth worn round the waist by Indian men
Gurukula : teacher's family ; ancient type of school in India where pupils lived with their teacher as members of his family ; school conducted by members of Arya Samaj
Harijan : people of God ; a name given to 'untouchables' by Gandhiji
Kamdhenu : Kamadhenu, Kamadhuk—a fabulous cow which fulfils all desires
Khaddar : Khadi—hand-spun, hand-woven cloth
Koran : scared book of Muslims
Mantra : pithy, scared text used for meditation
Maund : Indian unit of weight, varying in different places in India from about 25lb. to 82lb.
Mafussil : outlying district
Mulla : Muslim priest
Nai Talim : the New Education ; Basic Education
Rishi : seer ; prophet
Sahib : gentleman
Shastra : sacred book of Hindus, embodying tradition
Shudra : the fourth caste consisting of manual workers
Swadeshi : indigenous, belonging go one's own locality
Swaraj : self-government
Takli : spindle used in spinning with the fingers without the use of the spinning wheel
Talimi Sangh : association for the spread of Basic Education or New Education
Tola : Indian weight, equivalent of 3/8th ounce
Varna : caste
Vidyapith : national university ; literally, seat of learning
Vidyarthi : student ; literally, seeker after knowledge